Healthy Border Collies

These are my recommendations ask your vet before using any of these products. Read below!!

I am not a vet so these are just my recommendations and things you can talk to your vet about.  

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Hip dysplacia can be caused by more than just genetics, it can be environmental as well so it is important that all pet owners take caution with young dogs who like to jump a lot, who live in homes with a lot of hard or slippery surface flooring as well. Tile floors can be hard on young growing bones and dogs may slip or fall and cause injuries to growing bones so be aware .Good site for more info: HERE

For years we all pretty much thought hips were genetic but we have now learned there is a lot more to it than that...

Over the years we are learning more and more about hip dysplasia and now we know the important role early spay and neuter has on hip and joint conformation.  Because of the new studies we DO NOT believe in spay or neutering  a dog before they are at LEAST a year old.   For more infomation please see www.caninesports.com/SpayNeuter.html as well as www.showdogsupersite.com/hips.html  
As a pet owners you need to do your research and you need to decide what is right for you and your dog.  Please remember you are the one who has to live with your dog for the next 15 years or so. 

http://www.akcchf.org/news-events/news/health-implications-in-early.html

http://www.naiaonline.org/pdfs/LongTermHealthEffectsOfSpayNeuterInDogs.pdf

http://healthypets.mercola.com/sites/healthypets/archive/2013/09/30/neutering-health-risks.aspx

http://www.dogsnaturallymagazine.com/three-reasons-to-reconsider-spayneuter/

http://www.caninesports.com/uploads/1/5/3/1/15319800/spay_neuter_considerations_2013.pdf

http://news.vin.com/VINNews.aspx?articleId=27205

 

 


WORMS:

Worms are a normal part of owning a dog. As breeders we order our worming supplies through Revival Animal Supply to prevent and treat hook, round, tape, whip as well as heart worms. The following wormers are recommendations by me and we are not vets so consult your Veterinarian before using these medications. These are just what we do at our kennel. We prefer to rotate between two different wormers. The first wormer we use is Pyrantal Pamoate:We use Pyrantal that is labeled for humans to treat pinworms and the dogs love it. Pyrantal only needs to be used for one day and works well on hookworms and roundworms. Pyrantal has the same active ingredients as the most popular wormer given by vets just a different brand name. The second wormer we use is Fenbendazole commonly called Safe Guard. This wormer works well for roundworms, hookworms, and whipworms. With Fenbendazole you will need to worm for 3 days in a row for the medication to work. The recommended dosage of this exact product and strength for canines is 1 ml (which contains 100 mg active ingredient) per 5 lbs of a dogs body bodyweight. Example: 25 lb dog would get  5 ml (same as 5 cc or 1 teaspoon) per day for a 3 day period . 

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Coccidia information below from of Lambriar Vet Supply and treatment information as well.

CoccidiaIntestinal tract infections in puppies are often caused by single cell organisms called coccidia. What are coccidia?Coccidia are small protozoans (one-celled organisms) that multiply in the intestinal tracts of dogs and cats, most commonly in puppies and kittens less than six months of age, in adult animals whose immune system is suppressed, or in animals who are stressed in other ways (e.g.; change in ownership, other disease present).As a puppy ages, he tends to develop a natural immunity to the effects of coccidia. As an adult, he may carry coccidia in his intestines, and shed the cyst in the feces, but experience no ill effects. It should be mentioned that stress plays a role in the development of coccidia. It is not uncommon for a seemingly healthy puppy to arrive at his new home and develop diarrhea several days later leading to a diagnosis of coccidia. If the puppy has been at the new home for less than thirteen days, then he had coccidia before he arrived. This is because the incubation period (from exposure to illness) is about thirteen days. If the puppy has been with his new owner several weeks, then the exposure to coccidia most likely occurred after the animal arrived at the new home. How are coccidia transmitted? A puppy is not born with the coccidia organisms in his intestine. However, once born, the puppy is frequently exposed to his mother's feces, and if the mother is shedding the infective cysts in her feces, then the young animals will likely ingest them and coccidia will develop within their intestines. Since young puppies, usually those less than six months of age, have no immunity to coccidia, the organisms reproduce in great numbers and engulf the young animal's intestines. Oftentimes, this has severe effects. From exposure to the coccidia in feces, to the onset of the illness, is about 13 days. Most puppies who are ill from coccidia are, therefore, two weeks of age and older. Although most infections result from contamination from the mother, this is not always the case. Any infected puppy or kitten is contagious to other puppies or kittens. In breeding facilities, shelters, animal hospitals, etc., it is wise to isolate those infected from those that are not. What are the symptoms of coccidia? The primary sign of an animal suffering with coccidia is diarrhea. The diarrhea may be mild to severe depending on the level of infection. Blood and mucous may be present, especially in advanced cases. Severely affected animals may also vomit, lose their appetite, become dehydrated, and in some instances, die from the disease. Most infected puppies are in the four to twelve week age group. Because of this, the possibility of coccidia should always be considered when a loose stool or diarrhea is encountered in this age group. A microscopic fecal exam by a veterinarian will detect the cysts confirming a diagnosis. What are the risks? Although many cases are mild, it is not uncommon to see severe, bloody diarrhea result in dehydration and even death. This is most common in animals who are ill or infected with other parasites, bacteria, or viruses. Coccidia is very contagious, especially among young puppies. Entire kennels may become contaminated, with puppies of many age groups simultaneously affected. What is the treatment of coccidia? Fortunately, coccidia is treatable. Drugs such as Albon have been effective in the treatment and prevention of coccidia. Albon is a low-dosage, rapidly absorbed, long-acting sulfonamide, effective for the treatment of coccidia; however, Albon is only available through a prescription. Because these drugs do not kill the organisms, but rather inhibit their reproduction capabilities, elimination of coccidia from the intestine is not rapid. By stopping the ability of the protozoa to reproduce, time is allowed for the puppy's own immunity to develop and remove the organisms. How is coccidia prevented or controlled? Because coccidia is spread by the feces of carrier animals, it is very important to practice strict sanitation. All fecal material should be removed. Housing needs to be such that food and water cannot become contaminated with feces. Clean water should be provided at all times. Sulfa drugs administered orally such as Albon are approved for use in dogs and have been very effective in treating the disease. Many kennel owners try to prevent the disease through continuous medication. The best strategy to prevent disease is through the reduction and elimination of stress and to thoroughly treat any infected dogs. Dogs that exhibit signs of coccidia should be isolated to help prevent the contamination of the environment. Also, dogs should be bathed and sanitized whenever possible to eliminate as many of the organisms as possible in the environment. The coccidia species in dogs and cats do not infect humans.

Treatment for coccidia is usually Albon and given over a long course.  We prefer the use toltrazuril which has a brand name of Baycox.  Toltrazuril kills off the coccidia and unlike Albon does not need the dog immune system to suppress coccidia.  Albon does not kill is supresses and Toltrazuril kills..  A lot of Vets do not prefer toltrazuril but I am not a vet so that is between you and your vet.

 

GIARDIA

What is Giardiasis? Giardiasis is an intestinal infection caused by a parasitic protozoan (single celled organism) called Giardia lamblia. These protozoans are found in the intestines of many animals, including dogs and humans. This microscopic parasite clings to the surface of the intestine, or floats free in the mucous lining the intestine. Veterinary research documents suggest that 5% to 10% of all dogs in North America have giardiasis at any given time. Surveys also show that about 14% of the adult dog population and over 30% of dogs under one year of age were infected at some point during their life, and thus contributed to passing along this intestinal infection to other dogs.

 

Treatment for Giardia taken from veterinary manual.  Metronidazole also known as Flagyl 11.5 to 15 mg/lb BID 5 days Metronidazole does pass into the fetus of pregnant females so do not give to pregnant dogs or dogs who may be pregnant at any stage of pregnancy. Fenbendazole also known as Safe-Guard or Panacur 22.5 to 25 mg/lb once daily for 5 days. Fenbendazole is licensed for treatment of worms in dogs but when looking at the Plum Veterinary manual is also has other uses. PLEASE click here to contact Lambriar Vet Supply to find out more and order supplies.

""Metranidazole can be purchased at Fish Zole which is metronidazole only no prescription is needed if it is labeled for fish. " 

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EAR CARE

Cleaning your dog's ears is a simple procedure. Heed the following steps.Instructions

STEP 1: Use an ear wash formulated for ear cleaning.

STEP 2: Soak a cotton ball thoroughly in the ear wash. Squeeze out excess ear wash.

 STEP 3: Place the cotton ball in your dog's ear and gently rub up and down.

STEP 4: Allow your dog to shake off excess moisture. This is important for preventing ear infections.

STEP 5: Soak the tip of a cotton swab in the ear wash and run it along the nooks and crannies of your dog's ears.

STEP 6: Avoid putting the swab down your dog's ear canal; leave this type of cleaning to the veterinary medical staff.

Tips Warnings If your dog has chronic ear infections, consult a veterinarian. Chronic ear infections could be a sign of allergies or other problems. If the ear canal looks abnormal, clean only the outside and consult a vet.

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BUGS!

There are different types of external parasites that can become troublesome to your pet.

The most common would be fleas, ticks, mites and lice. The option pet owners have is to give either and internal medication or an external medication. I get my pest control products from Lambert Vet Supply.

Ticks carry disease that are transmittable to humans as well as diseases that can kill your dog. Ticks diseases and people: While most ticks do not carry diseases some ticks can be harmful. The most common diseases carried by ticks are Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tularemia. Each has some unique characteristics, but they all produce flu-like symptoms, such as fever, body aches and chills. Tick-borne diseases can be treated by a physician if identified early. However, effective treatment may take longer if the disease is in an advanced stage before being diagnosed.

Fleas: Fleas are spread so quickly especially if your dog goes to the park, dog shows, etc. Though usually only an annoyance for most canines, these bloodsucking parasites can cause life-threatening blood loss in puppies and severely infested adults. Be aware that a lot of Border Collies can have allergies to flea bites and the bites will cause extreme itching, sores and some dogs will scratch sores which can get infected so be aware. Fleas can cause an allergic reaction, transmit disease, and/or cause anemia. The most common issue people have with a fleas bite is just an annoyance but some people are allergic to flea bites. Fleas will also infest your home and once they are at your home and in your carpet it can take several treatments to get rid of these little pests.

Lice infest dogs by the thousands and can cause serious itching which can lead to more serious skin problems.

Mites:This parasite is responsible for an illness called mange. Demodectic or “red” mange produces small, hairless, irritated patches on the dog’s coat. Sarcoptic mange or “scabies” triggers severe itching along with hair loss. Mites can also enter the ears, where they cause great discomfort and inevitably trigger bacterial infections. Mites should be treated by a veterinarian as soon as possible. A dog with ear mites will typically have  “stinky” ears with a redish-dark brown build up inside the ears.

 

We at G Force use Pet Armour from Walmart.  I personally prefer to use topicals when possible as opposed to internal treatments because we are already putting so many internal drugs in our animals.  This is JUST MY OPINION and should not be taken as veterinarian advice.  Talk to your vet.